|Years:||I am 43|
|Where am I from:||I'm danish|
|What is my figure features:||My body type is quite thin|
|Favourite music:||I like to listen jazz|
|I like:||Looking after pets|
The indigenous people of Santa Cruz spoke the Awaswas language. Today, many people use the term Ohlone to describe the cultures of the people along the Central Coast of California. Whenever possible, we will attribute artifacts and knowledge to their specific origins, recognizing that indigenous culture is by no means homogeneous. Santa Cruz was called Aulinta in the Indian tongue. I will give you some words in their language: mancharas, women; ketchkema, boy; ciui, girl; atchsema, wife; housen, husband; maco, knife; chipay, ax; hatis, arrows; temo, bow; liti, come here; hai, sick; ena, dead; esu, hand; coro, feet; uir, head; hein, eyes; ochi, ear; uss, nose; hais, beard; summup, eyebrow; siit, teeth.
Diverse groups, cultures, and languages have long lived in California. Baskets are important in many of these cultures and show diversity in style, de and function. Native women were and still are accomplished basket makers. From an early age, girls learned where and when to collect the plants, how to tend the plants, and how to prepare them for weaving into many types of baskets. How do you use baskets? With the help of friends who helped me learn how to gather and prepare the materials, I was eventually able to begin weaving — the first Ohlone basket to be made in nearly a hundred years!
: Exploring made-for-sale baskets in our Collection. Tending to nature is an important aspect of Native culture. Not only is managing resources vital for survival, but it is also central to spiritual and cultural practices. Before contact with SpaniardsCalifornia Natives actively tended the landscape to meet their needs.
They also followed the seasonal cycles of the natural world around them. What times of the year do you think they would gather acorns? Fresh greens? Making Acorn Mush and Bread Acorns were used for soups or bre, but required careful processing to remove tannic acid in their pulp. After grinding and sifting, the resulting flour had to be rinsed with meet native San Francisco CA in a leaf-lined sand basin or specialized basket.
Acorns were a staple food for people throughout California, including the Awaswas-speaking people of Santa Cruz. Each fall they were collected and stored for year-round use in granaries that kept them dry and safe from pests. They had acorns to eat which they ground in stone mortars, called urswan.
The pestle was called packshan.
To cook the acorn after being ground, the mass was put into large baskets, which were made watertight, being woven with grass roots of a kind very long and tough. Into these were put hot stones, which caused the water to boil, and so the meal was cooked.
: Explore the mortars and matates in our collection. Consider the things that all humans need to survive. Native people were able to survive and thrive because of the abundance of this region and their expertise in engaging with it. Villages were usually located near fresh water and seasonal food sources, and tribes would often move to different sites throughout the year. What do you notice in the mural below?
Many languages and dialects
What are the people doing? What materials are they using? Oral Traditions Cultural teachings and ificant knowledge about flora, fauna, and natural cycles of life along the coast are passed down over generations through oral traditions. The Right Materials Native people in this region cultivated and utilized plants with a deep knowledge of their needs and traits. Plants were specifically tended for use in basketry, building, food, medicine, and religious ceremonies. Natural resources were used for more than survival — they served a purpose in ceremony, currency, expression, recreation, and daily household needs.
Where do you get the materials and items you need for your own recreation? Hunting provided the community with many resources in addition to food. These resources were used for clothing, tools, crafting, and ceremony.
What role do animals play in our lives? Tools Tools such as bone and shell hooks, traps, nets, and decoys were used to hunt a variety of game.
Resources to create these tools were carefully cultivated or traded for, as in the case of chert, and later obsidian, for arrow and spear points. Bows and Arrows Bows were made from flexible and strong wood, reinforced by sinew.
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Several types of trees were carefully tended with fire and pruning to encourage the growth of straight branches for arrows. Hunters used spears, which were later replaced by more accurate bows and arrows. Traditional stewardship of natural and cultural resources was brutally disrupted by the establishment of the Spanish Missions in the late 18th century, followed by Mexican ranchos, and as California became a state in This was devastating to the Native people and the landscapes they tended.
Despite three continuous periods of colonization, the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band are now committed to restoring traditional knowledge, celebrating their heritage, honoring their Creator and protecting their ancestral homeland.
The Amah Mutsun never surrendered or ed away our rights to our land, water, or other resources. In Tribal Elders reminded Tribal Council that our creation story tells us us we must take care of Mother Earth and all living things. Since that time, our tribe has worked hard to return to the path of our ancestors.
It is our responsibility to complete their journey, which was brutally disrupted by colonization. This is necessary because we must honor our ancestors and fulfill our obligation to Creator.
Supplement your at-home lessons with this collection of hands-on tools related to indigenous connections to nature. Each kit contains the following items for tactile learning: -Tule Reed Samples -A stone point, either jasper or obsidian -Acorns 5 -A square of rabbit pelt -Stave game materials -Information Booklet Purchase a kit today in our Online Museum Store. The following list contains websites and resources that the Museum has found to be useful, accurate, and appropriate.
Please note that web content is subject to change and the Museum is not responsible for the information found on the links. Land Acknowledgement The land on which the Museum exists is the traditional and unceded territory of the Uypi Tribe of the Awaswas Nation. Today these lands are stewarded by the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band.
The Amah Mutsun are working hard to fulfill their obligation to Creator to care for and steward Mother Earth and all living things through relearning efforts and the Amah Mutsun Land Trust. People have lived in the Santa Cruz region for more than 10, years — since mammoths and mastodons roamed the land. In fact, one of the oldest known village sites in California is in nearby Scotts Valley.
Today, as in the past, the environment of Santa Cruz offers a wealth of natural resources to support human life.
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While we work on updating this map, please note that Tamien, Ramaytush, and Chochenyo are languages, not dialects. Learn more. Map created by M. Gift basket Ohlone made of willow and bracken root fern with glass be. Infant carrier Northwestern California tribes made of hazel. Cap Hupa made of conifer root, maidenhair fern, beargrass, and porcupine quill. Gathering basket Northwestern California tribesmade of hazel or willow. Storage basket Modoc made of bulrush, cattail and beargrass.
Sifting basket Sierra Miwok made of willow and redbud.
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Winnowing basket Washo made of willow and bracken fern root. Cooking basket Karuk made of conifer root and beargrass.
Food receptacle Sierra Miwok made of willow and redbud. Miniature basket Pomo made of willow, sedge, and bullrush root. Made-for-sale basket Northwestern California tribes made of willow or hazel, conifer root, beargrass, and maidenhair fern. Shell bead necklace Yokuts. Elderberry clapper stick and cocoon rattle instruments reproductions.
Red Franciscan chert stone point Aptoschert stone points Uypiand obsidian stone point Uypi. Obsidian and green stone points Northern California.
Sinew-backed bow with arrow California, tribe unknown.